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Civil War Project

Civil War


Civil War Newspaper Project
Civil War Documentary Project
Civil War Diorama Project




General Resources

Primary Source Documents
The Civil War
The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
The Civil War Treasures from the New York Historical Society
The Library of Congress
[Digitized Images of Primary Resources includes posters, drawings, cartoons, photographs...]

Shotgun's Home of the Civil War
Index of Civil War Information Available on the Internet

Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System
American Memory Project
Selected Photographs of the Civil War

Timeline of the Civil War

The Civil War
Memory Gallery B
American Treasures
Library of Congress

The Civil War Home Page

E-Reference Books
Gale Virtual Reference Library
A collection of online e-Reference Books made available to you through the Connecticut Digital Library (
[Scroll down to E-Reference Books and search under Civil War or your topic.]

Grolier Online
Search the Encyclopedia Americana and Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia 
See Ms. Averill for the mcgee user name and password to grolier.
Search with the keywords that describe your topic.
The American Civil War Homepage
The American Civil War- Dakota University
Civil War Women - Online Archival Collections at Duke
Ante-Bellum and the Civil War in the United States
History of the Civil War, 1861-1865, by James Ford Rhodes
Civil War Era Newspapers
Valley of the Shadow
American Civil War Manuscript Guides
VT (Virginia Tech) Digital Library and Archives
Includes letters from soldiers. Look for links to the names of the people to see their writings.
Civil War Letters
National Postal Museum


The Civil War by Ken Burns
Connecticut History Online
[Photographs, Posters, Broadsides...from Connecticut historical collections.
Search under United States Civil War ]


Advantages and Disadvantages of the North and South

Why did the North win the Civil War?
Historical Background
Civil War Graphs
* Fasttrack to America's Past



Park Handbook
Lowell National Historical Park and Tsongas Industrial History Center

Women, Work, and Protest in the Early Lowell Mills: 
"The Oppressing Hand of Avarice Would Enslave Us" by Thomas Dublin

Harriet Robinson: Lowell Mill Girls

Comparative Labor Systems: Plantation Rules/Factory Rules
Unit 2: Early Industrialization

Protective Tariffs Benefit the North



Ordinance of Nullification [by the people of South Carolina to remove the tariffs]

First Person Narratives of the American South
Documenting the American South
Library of Congress




Civil War Traveler Podcasts
[Podcasts that recount battles while walking on the battlegrounds. Downloadable maps are also available]

Shiloh Antietam Gettysburg First Bull Run Second Bull Run
Fredericksburg Chattanooga Chancellorsville Vicksburg War at Sea
Union Blockade



The Battle of Shiloh (Pittsburgh Landing) April 6-7, 1862

The Battle of Shiloh by U.S. Grant
The Century Magazine, Feb. 1885

Shiloh Battlefield
Shiloh National Military Park

Shiloh National Military Park, Tennessee
by Albert Dillahunty
NPS Historical Handbook No,. 10

Battle Summary

The Battle of Shiloh
Union Victory
Battles of the Civil War

The Battle of Shiloh
Links to Other Resources





Antietam National Battlefield

The Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg) September 17, 1862
(The Bloodiest Day of the Civil War)

Antietam: Battle Summary

The Battle of Antietam

Antietam on the Web

Carnage at Antietam, 1862



1863: A Grim Year
Gettysburg: The Soldiers' Battle

The Battle of Gettysburg

The Battle of Gettysburg

Gettysburg National Military Park

The Civil War Soldier
Gettysburg National Military Park

Choices and Commitments: The Soldiers at Gettysburg

Camp Life: Civil War Collections from Gettysburg National Military Park

The Turning Point of the Civil War

The Battle of Gettysburg
July 1-3, 1863

The Extraordinary Story of the Battle of Gettysburg

Today in History
July 3, 1863



First Bull Run

The Battle of Bull Run (1st Manassas)

The Battle of First Manassas, July 21, 1861
Manassas National Battlefield

Battle summary: Manassas, First

First Battle of Bull Run
Today in History, July 21

Battle of Bull Run
Confederate Victory
Battles of the Civil War



Second Bull Run

Manassas, Second
CWAS Battle Summaries

The Battle of 2nd Manassas
(The Second Battle of Bull Run)

Second Battle of Manassas--Bull Run
Civil War
History Central

The Battle of the Second Manassas
Battlefield History
Manassas National Battlefield
National Park Service

Second Battle of Bull Run




The Battle of Fredericksburg
Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park
National Park Service

Fredericksburg I
Battle Summary

Fredericksburg II
Battle Summary

The Battle of Fredericksburg

The Battle of Fredericksburg, Animated 
(ShockWave software is required to run this animation.)

America's Civil War

Behind the Lines: A Special Series on the Battle of Fredericksburg

How Civilians Fared During the Battle of Fredericksburg

Map of the Battle of Fredericksburg

General Ambrose Burnside
Report, Headquarters Army of the Potomac, December 17, 1862





Fighting Commenced in the Battle of Chattanooga, November 23, 1863

The Battles for Chattanooga: Electric Map and Museum

The Chattanooga Campaign

Battle Map of the Chattanooga Campaign

The History Behind the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Chattanooga I (1862)

Chattanooga II (August 1863)

Chattanooga III (November 1863)




The Battle of Chancellorsville (May 1-3, 1863)

The Battle of Chancellorsville, 1863
Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park

Lee's Greatest Victory: Chancellorsville by Robert K. Krick

Chancellorsville: CWSAC Battle Summary

The Battle: Chancellorsville [setting for the Red Badge of Courage by Stephen Crane]




The Battle of Vicksburg

Vicksburg Campaign and Siege March-July 1863The Campaign for Vicksburg

CWSAC Battle Summary

The Vicksburg Champaign from the Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant

The Fall of Vicksburg
The Daily Citizen, Vicksburg, July 2, 1863
American Treasures of the Library of Congress

The Fall of Vicksburg
Harper's Weekly, August 1, 1863
Sons of the South


The First Naval Conflict Between the Ironclads
Civil War@Smithsonian

USS Monitor Center
The Mariners' Museum

CSS Virginia [not the Merrimac]

Action Between the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia
Civil WAr Naval Actions
Naval Historical Center
U S Navy

War at Sea
Civil War
Price of Freedom
Smithsonian National Museum of American History⊂=5

The H. L.Hunley
The Secret Weapon of the Confederacy
National Geographic

The Blockade
American Civil War
Militory History Encyclopedia on the Web

The Union Blockade
North Carolina Digital History

Business as Usual in Blockaded Galveston [scroll down to this section]
Under the Rebel Flag: Life in Texas during the Civil War

The Blockade of Confederate Ports, 1861-1865
Timeline in US Diplomatic History
United States Department of State

Intelligence Overseas



Lincoln Grant Hooker Stonewall Jackson Pickett
Davis Lee McClellan Sherman Sheridan


Abraham Lincoln: An Extraordinary Life
National Museum of American History
Smithsonian Institution

Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865)
American President Online Resource
University of Virginia

Abraham Lincoln
The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History

The Lincoln Institute

Lincoln Net
Abraham Lincoln Historical Digitization Project
Northern Illinois University

The Assasination of Abraham Lincoln
The American Experience

Looking for Lincoln

The Time of the Lincolns
The American Experience

Abraham Lincoln
Civil War Era
Document Library

The Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial

The Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library

Jefferson Davis' Farewell
January 21. 1861
United States Senate

Davis, Jefferson
Biographical Dictionary of the United States Senate

Conversations with Jefferson Davis
Central Rappahannock Regional Library

Jefferson Davis Chronology
Museum of the Confederacy

Jefferson Davis Was Captured
America's Story from America's Library
Library of Congress

Jefferson Davis Elected President
America's Story from America's Library
Library of Congress

Beauvoir : The Jefferson Davis Home and Presidential Library

The Papers of Jefferson Davis
Rice Unversity

A Short History of the Confederate States of America
by Jefferson Davis

General Ulysses S. Grant

Ulysses Grant Memoirs

Ulysses S. Grant

Ulysses S. Grant:The Troubled President
The American President, PBS

New of Ulysses S. Grant's Death [New York Times, July 24, 1885]

Student's Guide to Grant
Ulysses S. Grant Information Center

Ulysses Simpson Grant



General Joseph Hooker

Joseph Hooker (1814-1879)

Joseph Hooker Source Page
Army of the Cumberland and George Thomas Source

Joseph "Fightin' Joe" Hooker
About North Georgia'Fighting_Joe'_Hooker

Lincoln's Letter to Major General Joseph Hooker
Abraham Lincoln Online



General Stonewall Jackson

Stonewall Jackson Resources VMI

Thomas J. Jackson (1824-1863)

General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
Life of a Resolute Soldier in Lexington
Life Stories of Civil War Heroes



General Robert E. Lee

Robert E. Lee, 1-19-1806 --10-12-1870:Beloved General of the South

Robert Edward Lee (1807-1870)

General Robert E. Lee

Robert Edward Lee

General Robert Edward Lee

Robert E. Lee Biography
Sons of the South

The Apotheosis of Robert E. Lee|

Gen. Robert E. Lee
New York Times, October 13, 1870



General George B. McClellan

George Brinton McClellan

General George Brinton McClellan

George B. McClellan
Ohio History Central: An Online Encyclopedia of Ohio History



William Tecumseh Sherman

William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891)

William Tecumseh Sherman
a North Georgia Notable
(A view from the South)

All About Sherman

William Tecumseh Sherman Family Papers
Notre Dame Archives

George Pickett
Sons of the South

George E. Pickett (1825-1875)
Encyclopedia Virginia

The Heart of a Soldier As Revealed in the Intimate Letters of Gen. George E. Pickett CSA
Documenting the American South

Meet General Pickett
Gettysburg National Military Park Kidzpage
National Park Service

General Phill Sheridan
Sons of the South

Philip H. Sheridan (18313-1888)
Mr. Lincoln's White House

Sheridan, Philip Henry
The Handbook of Texas Online

Philip Henry Sheridan (1831-1888)
Military History Encyclopedia on the Web

The Memoirs of General Philip H. Sheridan
Project Gutenburg

Philip Sheridan
[poetry about]



Camp Life

Civil War@Smithsonian

Uniforms Life/Conditions Food/Rations Entertainment Medicine & Hospitals Weapons



Civil War Uniforms

Revised Regulations for the Army of the United States, 1861

U. S. Army in the Civil War

The Use of Distinctive Colors in Civil War Uniforms
(Branch Colors)

U.S. Civil War Uniforms

Civil War Enlisted Uniforms

Brigade Sutler Civil War Uniforms and Supplies




Life in a Civil War Camp

The Civil War Soldiers
What Was Life Like in 1863?
Gettysburg National Military Park

How the Civil War Soldier Lived

Camp Life
Voices from the Civil War

Camp Life: Civil War Collections
Gettysburg National Military Park

The Eye of the Storm: Private Knox Sneden

In Their Own Words
Tales from a Civil War Prison




Civil War Food
Gettysburg National Military Park Kidzpage

Civil War Recipes Index
Civil War Interactive

Civil War Army Rations

Civil War Food

Civil War Era Foodways

Provisions for the Army

Food and Rations in the Civil War
The Cincinnati Civil War Round Table

Confederate Receipt Book

Recipes of the Civil War Era

Civil War Related Web Links
United States Civil War Center




Battling Boredom 
Camp Life: Civil War Collections
Gettysburg National Military Park

Entertainment in a Civil War Camp

Civil War Baseball
Battling on the Baseball Diamond
Fort Ward Museum, Alexandria, Virginia

Animal Mascots of the Civil War
Fort Ward Museum, Alexandria, Virginia

Ought it Not Be a Merry Christmas?
Fort Ward Museum, Alexandria, Virginia

Poetry and Music of the War Between the States

Authentic Music of the Civil War performed by Bobby Horton
The Civil War Music Store

Music of the Civil War
Gettysburg National Military Park Kidzpage

Civil War Music (mostly)

Bucktails (The 1st Pennsylvania Rifles, Company B)
Civil War Songs

American Civil War Music (1861-1865)

Civil War Band Music
Audio clips of Recreated Band Concert

Civil War Music



Medicine & Hospitals

Civil War Medicine

Civil War Battlefield Medicine

Medicine in the Civil War
Gettysburg National Military Park Kidzpage

National Museum of Civil War Medicine

Dyer's Compendium (Union) Summary of Loss by State
Dyer's Compendium access is in the right column under Troops Furnished & Deaths

Stonewall's Surgeon: a biographical Web site devoted to Dr. Hunter Holmes McGuire, MD

Civil War Medical Care: Photographs from the United States Sanitary Commission Collection, 1861-1872
New York Public Library Digital Gallery

Medicine and Hospitals

Mower General Hospital

Casualties and Medical Care

Field and Temporary Hospitals by Deering J. Roberts, M.D., Surgeon Confederate States Army

Hospital Sketches by Louisa May Alcott

Civil War Medicine
The Sons of the South

The Santiary Commission
Beyond Affliction: The Disability History Project

Whitman's Drum Taps and Washington's Civil War Hospitals by Angel Price

Civil War Weaponry and Medicine: A Disastrous Mismatch
UMBC Center for History Education

Army -- United States -- 1860's
New York Public Library Digital Gallery

Civil War@Smithsonian

Civil War Small Arms
The Civil War Soldier
Gettysburgy National Military Park

The Artillary
The Civil War Soldier
Gettysburgy National Military Park

Why the Civil War Was So Lethal
Digital History

Civil War Weapons
Harper's Weekly, 1860's, various digitized issues
Sons of the South



Total War
Civil War
Digital History

Sherman's Meridian Campaign: Practice Run for the March to the Sea
By Kevin Dougherty
Mississippi History Now
Mississippi Historical Society

The Nature of War
Civil War
Biography of America

General Sherman in the Civil War
Harper's Weekly, various digitized issues
Sons of the South

Civil War (1861-1865)
White House Commission on Remembrance

A House Divided: Money and the Civil War
Money Museum
American Numismatic Association

Money Troubles by R. Neil Fulghum
Southern Homefront, 1861-1865
Documenting the American South
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Speculation During the Civil War
Encyclopedia of Virginia

Paper Money in the Civil War
North Carolina in the Civil War and Reconstruction
North Carolina Digital History

Financing the Confederacy's War Effort
Center for Technology and Teacher Education
University of Virginia

Exorbitant Prices
The Spectator, October 27, 1863
Center for Technology and Teacher Education
University of Virginia

Robert Gould Shaw and the 54th Regiment Memorial
Museum of African American History, Boston

The 54th Massachusetts Regiment Marches Through Boston, May 28, 1863
Mass Moments

Robert Gould Shaw and the 54th Regiment
Boston African American National Historic Site
National Park Service

54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment Photographs, 1860-1880
Massachusetts Historical Society

54th Mass Casualty List
The National Archives

Civil War Women: Primary Sources on the Internet
Sallie Bingham Center for Women's History and Culture
Duke Univerisity

Women in the Civil War
Thomas Nast Civil War Collection
Sons of the South

Hearts at Home: Southern Women in the Civil War
University of Virginia

The Civil Disobedience of Women During the Civil War
Maryland State Archives

Why Did Women Fight in the Civil War?
Smithsonian Civil War Studies

The Women's Civil War
Electronic New Jersey: A Digital Archive of New Jersey History

Women Soldiers in the Civil War by DeAnne Blanton
The National Archives

Woman's work in the civil war: a record of heroism, patriotism and patience.
By L. P. Brockett and Mrs. Mary C. Vaughan. With an introduction, by Henry W. Bellows.
Philadelphia, Boston [etc.]: Zeigler, McCurdy & co., R. H. Curran, 1867.;idno=ACP3511

Nurse and spy in the Union army: comprising the adventures and experiences of a woman in hospitals, camps and battle-fields 
by S. Emma E. Edmonds.
Hartford, Philadephia: W. S. Williams & co., Jones bros. & co, 1865.;idno=ABV2963

The American Red Cross

Clara Barton
Antietam National Battlefield
National Park Service

Clara Barton: Advocate for Human Rights
Clara Barton's House, Reading 1
National Park Service

Emancipation Proclamation

The Emancipation Proclamation

Chronology of Emancipation during the Civil War

The Civil War and Emancipation




Lee's Surrender to Grant at the Appomattox Courthouse

The Battle at Appomattox Court House (April 9, 1865)

The Death-Knell of the Confederacy: The Final Battles at Appomattox Station and the Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia
April 8-9, 1865

Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia
The Surrender, April 9, 1865

Surrender at Appomattox

Appomattox Surrender Document

The Quiet and Compelling History at Appomattox by James T. Yenckel
Washington Post

Robert E. Lee's Farewell to His Troops [General Order #9]
Stratford Hall Plantation: The Birthplace of Robert E. Lee

Chapter 43a Appomattox
From Manassas to Appomattox
War Times Journal



Civil War Slang

Soldier Talk and Civil War Slang

Civil War Slang
"Gettysburg: The Soldiers' Battle" Activity

Gettysburg: The Soldiers' Battle Activity
Civil War Vocabulary

Definitions of Civil War Terms

Historical Hubbub Featuring Civil War Slang by BooneBunny

Glossary of Civil War Terms



Letters from Soldiers

American Civil War Collection at the Electronic Text Center

Letters and Diaries

Civil War Letters of the Christie Family

Voices from the Past
Alexandria, Virginia, 1861-1865
Fort Ward Museum & Historic Site

50 Years of Victorian Fashion Plates
[scroll down to the 1860's]

The Costumer's Manifesto